Muslims brought shipbuilding techniques from the
Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean. In this regard,
Dr. A Hakim Murad stated: "One reason for the Muslims to dominate the
Mediterranean was their superior knowledge of
early Arab Muslims were a great maritime nation
during the fifth Caliph, Mu'awiyah's rule. The
first significant fleet was constructed in Alexandria.
quickly confronted the Byzantine navy and established
an unchallenged Muslim naval superiority throughout
Arab ship building techniques were made possible
by the fact that the Muslim empire bordered both
halfs of the formerly divided world.
the Arabs did was to import into the Mediterranean
ship-building techniques that had long been known
amongst the navigators in the far more difficult
and treacherous waters of the Indian Ocean.
ships were a lot larger and sturdier. The galley,
which had formally been the main method of long-range
sea fairing in the Mediterranean, was not completely
displaced, but by and large the Muslims did not
use galley very much.
was largely because they had something called
Latin Sail that was much more effective and efficient
than the former rather simple square sail veils
used in the Mediterranean, known as Carrack.
Europeans ship builders started to pick up on
the Muslim techniques and improve upon them.
and North Africa
according to Piri Reis
great journeys of discovery undertaken by the
European in the fifteen century, whether around
the Cape or across to the Americas, was based
in large measure on this Indian Ocean technology,
which was brought to the Mediterranean by the
of the capacity of the European to emulate these
innovations, European navigation started to rejoin
the European trade.
Europeans had trading partners in North Africa
and many of the mercantile in North Africa were
not Muslims, but Jews. It was easier for Jewish
merchants to visit Europe and trade than for Muslims,
because of European customs of tolerating Jews.
Africa was the emergent point for the Jewish contribution
to Mediterranean trade.
This great domination of the seas by the Islamic
world has left permanent memories even in the
English language. The word Admiral, for example,
came from the Arabic word "amir albaher,"
which means prince or commander of the sea and
Monsoon, Slop, Barrack, etc."