Muslims woman is equal to man. Women constitute
practically one half the society and she plays
a crucial role within the society.
ancient societies in much of Europe, Asia and
the Middle East, woman were considered inferior
to man. Superstition, speculation and other forms
of perverted thinking fostered this unreasonable
in Arabia, like their sisters elsewhere in much
of the old world were not allowed to inherit property,
they were a second class citizen
and widowed and divorced women were not permitted
to remarry. In certain tribes female infanticide was practiced. The
Holy Qur'an made a reference to this criminal
"And when the female infant wass asked
for what reason was she killed."
was not until the advent of Islam, in the early
600 CE, when woman was recognized as an equal
partner to man. Her status and role in the family
and society became dignified and her rights in
inheritance, marriage and divorce were established.
teaches that: Women shall with justice have
rights similar to those exercised against them,
although men have a degree (in responsibility)
above women. Quran, 2:228.
allowed the woman the right to inherit, to keep
their own earnings, and the right to accept marriage
and to request a divorce. Women
have the right to inherit wealth and property
to establish and engage in business.
men and women are given the rights to education,
then no women can be held back. Islam
give the women equality to man: what the Qur'an
tells you and what the society impose on you are
two different things.
applies to men applies to women in religion in
duty and in relationships and no duty issues.
are responsible for women because of what they
earn. Whatever a man possesses is hers and whatever
she possesses is hers as well. A
woman can be a doctor, a lawyer...Islam does not
limit the woman's role in society.
Muhammad said: "Women are the partners of
men." Abu Dawud, Sunan, 1/61. In honoring
woman the Qur'an named several chapters after
example, one of the longest chapters in the Qur'an
is called al-Nisa' (The Women) or "in defense
of women," as Shaykh Ahmad Kuftaro pointed
chapter relates many subjects regarding women's
affairs and rights. Another
chapter in the Qur'an is named al Mujadilah, or
"the woman with plea." or in defense
this chapter, Allah narrates the story of a woman
who came to Prophet Muhammad complaining about
her husband and argued her case to the Prophet
until a revelation in her behalf was revealed
changing the ruling of the Prophet in her favor.
is yet another chapter in the Qur'an named "Mary,"
after the virgin Mary, mother of Jesus.
implications of the titles of these chapters combined
with their teachings constitute a giant step in
the revolution of liberation of women.
shall have a share of what their parents and kinsmen
leave; women shall have a share of what their
parents and kinsmen leave; whether it be little
or much, it is legally theirs." Qur'an, 4:7.
Prophet Muhammad said:
a man of noble character will honor women, and
only a low, vile man will dishonor them."
Kanz al-Ummal, 16/371.
best among you is he who is best to his family.
For my family, I am the best of all of you."
Ibn Majah, Sunan 1/636.
recognizes mothers to be a vital element in bringing
about a healthy society.
of their role in home education and up bringing
of children, mothers hold greater respect and honor
than fathers. A man came to Prophet Muhammad and
Messenger of God, who rightfully deserves the best
treatment from me? 'Your mother,'
replied the Prophet. 'Who is next?'
asked the man. 'Your mother,'
said the Prophet. 'Who comes next?'
the man asked again. 'Your mother,'
replied the Prophet. 'Who is after that?
insisted the man. 'Your father,'
said the Prophet.'" Al Bukhari, 10/329."
Muhammad also said:
lies beneath the feet of a mother." Al
who are serving mothers well truly deserve Paradise.
Muslims believe obedience of mothers or parents
is a duty. This philosophy is rule number one in
raising children with character. God in the holy
Qur'an commands the obedience of parents.
have enjoined on man respect and kindness to his
parents: In pain did his mother bear him, and in
pain did she give him birth." Qur'an, 46:15.
constant of the family is the Mother. She is the
conveyer of the tradition, the one who educates.
is the nurturer, the educator, the bulwark, the
framework of the family. Her role is even more important of that of the Father.
teaches that a woman has the right to divorce her
husband just as a man has the right to divorce his
Islam teaches that divorce is not liked by God.
Prophet Muhammad said:
most hated of the lawful deads is divorce.
In Islamic communities women have risen to
the highest government ranks. Ummu Salamah, Prophet
Muhammad's wife, advised the Prophet in important
political and legislative matters.
the Treaty of Hudaybiyah, for example, the Prophet
acted upon her advice in making the treaty a reality. Mrs.
Benazir Bhutto was the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Mrs.
Megawati Sukarnoputri is the 5th President of Indonesia. Bangla
Desh had as its Prime Minister, Mrs. Hasina Wajid. The
Second Vice-President of Iran is Ibtikhar Masoumi.
teaches that the family is a social unit, and like
all things in life, it requires management and supervision. Islam gave this responsibility to the man.
choice of making the man responsible for the well
being of the family is based on his physical ability
of management and livelihood support, not on "superiority"
because he is a man.
shall with justice have rights similar to those
exercised against them, although men have a degree
(in responsibility) above women. Allah is mighty
and wise." Qur'an, 2:228.
like a pilot is responsible before the law for the
safety of the airplane, the man is given the responsibility
of his family before God. Otherwise,
both parents mutually share the management of the
family, just like the pilot and co-pilot managing
the aircraft in the air. Also,
it takes Oxygen and Hydrogen to make a particle
of water, but neither of the elements is superior
to the other. The
two elements only complement one another.